Study Shows Strategic EV Charger Location Could Reduce Power Grid Stress

According to MIT researchers, electric vehicles may have a lesser effect on the electricity grid if charging points are strategically placed and technologies are put in place to start auto charging at scheduled times.

Plans at the national and international levels to tackle climate change include raising the amount of electricity produced from renewable energy sources and electrifying more automobiles. However, some forecasts suggest that these developments may necessitate the construction of costly new power facilities to handle power demand surges in the evening hours when automobiles are plugged in after work. Meanwhile, excessive solar panel power output during the day can waste priceless electricity-generating capability.

According to a recent study from MIT, both of these issues can be reduced or completely avoided without requiring sophisticated technology systems, which could increase expenses and power usage. Therefore, promoting the placement of electric vehicle charging points strategically rather than allowing them to appear randomly and, in addition, putting in place procedures to start auto charging at scheduled times might possibly have a major impact.

In a study, the researchers made use of data gathered in New York and Dallas as sample urban centers. In their analysis, this information was collected from a variety of sources, including surveys sampled from the population to account for a range of traveling habits and anonymized data collected by onboard gadgets inside automobiles. They displayed the hours of use, duration of use and amount of time spent at various locations, including homes, workplaces, stores, and entertainment venues, among others.

Jessika Trancik, one of the researchers, says the results strongly show a strategic electric vehicle charger location could help power grid stress and the uptake of electric vehicles. For instance, having charging stations available at work can have a double advantage by utilizing solar electricity production during the day and lowering the evening power surge from electric vehicle charging.

For a higher exploitation of noon solar energy, slower charging at work solutions may be preferable to quicker charging ones.

For delayed home charging, each electric vehicle charger might come with a straightforward app and be programmed to monitor the charging cycles. This can result in a significant change in the grid demands brought on by rising electric vehicle uptake. With home charging, it is crucial to provide charging points in both garages in residential buildings and parking spots along the streets.

The results, according to Trancik, show the importance of combining both strategies — workplace charging and delayed home charging — to lower electricity at its highest consumption level, preserve solar power and satisfy the daily charging needs of drivers. As EV models from diverse manufacturers such as Kandi Technologies Group Inc. (NASDAQ: KNDI) proliferate, the grid will have to be robust enough to meet the needs of motorists.

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